College of Health and Human Services
George Mason University
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George Mason University

Katherine Scafide, PhD, RN

Assistant Professor

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Biography

Katherine Scafide is an assistant professor (tenure-track) in the School of Nursing. As a forensic nurse, Dr. Scafide worked as a pediatric and adult sexual nurse examiner for eight years and was a death investigator for the State of Maryland’s medical examiner’s office. She continues to work as a forensic consultant for criminal and civil cases. Dr. Scafide obtained her PhD at Johns Hopkins University. Her dissertation explored the use of colorimetry in the prediction of bruise age and the impact of skin color, fat, and gender on changes in bruise color. She is still known as the “paintball lady” for her unique method of creating bruises. Her research has been published in leading forensic journals and presented at national and international conferences. After teaching undergraduate nursing and forensic courses at Georgetown, Dr. Scafide has come to Mason to teach and mentor doctoral students. Her current research interests involve addressing the disparity in the identification and documentation of injuries among victims of violence, particular those of color, using new, innovative technologies.

Dr. Scafide has received a two-year, $449,437 grant from the National Institute of Justice for her study, “Analysis of Alternate Light in the Detection and Visibility of Cutaneous Bruises.” Learn more about the grant and her work.

Research Service

  • International Association of Forensic Nurses
    Research Committee, 2019 – present
  • Council for the Advancement of Nursing Research
    Advanced Methods Conference Planning Committee, 2018 – 2019
  • Violence and Gender (Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Publishing)
    Manuscript Reviewer, 2017, 2019
  • Forensic Science, Medicine, & Pathology (Springer Publishing)
    Manuscript Reviewer, 2016, 2019
  • Journal of Family Violence (Springer Publishing)
    Manuscript Reviewer, 2017
  • George Mason University, Provost’s Office
    Multidisciplinary Research Seed Award, Grant Reviewer, 2015, 2016
  • Washington Regional Nursing Research ConsortiumAnnual Doctoral Student Research Conference, Abstract Reviewer, 2014

Teaching Service

  • Scafide, K. (2020, April). Detection and visibility of bruises using alternate light: From science to practice. Invited guest lecture presented in Special Topics in Violence Research (NR.110.812) at Johns Hopkins University, School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD.
  • Scafide, K. (2018, October). A researcher’s journey: From clinical problem to research solution. Invited guest lecture presented in Research in Nursing (NURS-453) at George Mason University, School of Nursing, Fairfax, VA.
  • Peppard, L., & Scafide, K. (2016, October). Pearls of wisdom in grant writing. Invited guest lecture co-presented to Doctoral Student Organization, George Mason University, School of Nursing, Fairfax, VA.
  • Scafide, K. (2016). Advancing practice through bruise science. Invited guest lecture presented to Nursing Faculty Organization, George Mason University, School of Nursing, Fairfax, VA.
  • Scafide, K. (2016). Honor Code Committee: Giving faculty perspective. Invited guest lecture presented to Nursing Faculty Organization, George Mason University, School of Nursing, Fairfax, VA.
  • Scafide, K. (2016, November). Nurse’s Role in Research & Evidence-based Practice. Invited guest lecture presented to Nursing as a Health Profession and Discipline (NURS-334) at George Mason University, School of Nursing, Fairfax, VA.
  • Scafide, K. (2016). From literature…to evidence. Invited guest lecture presented to Evidence-based Practice in Nursing and Healthcare (NURS-883) at George Mason University, School of Nursing, Fairfax, VA.
  • Scafide, K. (2015, October). Quantitative research. Invited guest lecture presented to Research in Nursing (NURS-453) at George Mason University, School of Nursing, Fairfax, VA.
  • Scafide, K. (2015). Liability: Protecting yourself and the patient. Invited guest lecture presented to Transition to Professional Practice (NURS-252) at Georgetown University, School of Nursing and Health Studies, Washington, DC.
  • Scafide, K. (2013, 2014). Effects of violence and the role of the public health nurse. Invited guest lectures presented to Public Health Nursing (NURS-251) at Georgetown University, School of Nursing & Health Studies, Washington, DC.
  • Scafide, K. (2012, 2013). Investigating fatalities. Invited guest lectures presented to Fundamentals of Forensic Nursing at Johns Hopkins University, School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD.
  • Scafide, K. (2011, 2012). The role of the forensic nurse. Invited guest lectures presented to A Multidisciplinary Examination of Forensics at University of Maryland at Shady Grove, Rockville, MD.
  • Scafide, K. (2011). Forensic nursing. Invited guest lecture presented at Carroll Community College, Westminster, MD.

University Service

  • Provost’s Multidisciplinary Research Seed Grant Award Reviewer 2015, 2016.
  • Honor Code Committee Member 2016–2019.

College Service

  • Search Committee (Associate Dean of Research), invited, 2018 – 2019.
  • School of Nursing Representative, Grievance Committee, 2015-2018.
  • School of Nursing Representative, Faculty Development Committee, 2017-2018.

School of Nursing Service

  • Member, Program Evaluation, 2020-Present.
  • Member, Faculty Matters Committee, 2015-2019. Chair, 2017–2018.
  • At-large Member, Faculty Council, 2015.
  • Forensic Nursing Instructor, Nursing Camp, 2017, 2018, 2019.

Georgetown University Service

University-level

  • Co-Chair, Faculty Facilitator, Sexual Assault Working Group, 2014.

Department of Nursing

  • Undergraduate At-large Representative, Council on Curriculum, Instruction and Outcomes, 2011-2014.

Council on Curriculum, Instruction and Outcomes, Undergraduate At-large Representative, 2011-2014

Community Service

  • Scafide, K., & Sheridan, D. (speakers). (2019, October 30). Detection and visibility of bruises using alternate light: from science to practice. Forensic Technology Center of Excellence. [webinar]. https://forensiccoe.org/webinar/detection-and-visibility-of-bruises-using-alternate-light-from-science-to-practice/
  • Mangum, L. (producer). (2019, May 14). Just skin deep (Guests: Dr. Katherine Scafide and Dr. Daniel Sheridan). Just Science Podcasts. RTI International Center for Forensic Sciences. [audio podcast]. https://forensiccoe.org/2019rd-e1/
  • Scafide, K. (2018, October). Forensics in healthcare. Invited guest lecture/activity for STEM+H Power Aid, sponsored by Northern Virginia Area Health Education Center (AHEC), George Mason University, Fairfax, VA.
  • Scafide, K. (2013). Sexual assault and the role of the first responder. Invited guest lecture for Georgetown Emergency Response Medical Service program at Georgetown University, Washington, DC.
  • Scafide, K. (2010, 2012). Forensic nursing. Invited guest lectures for the Forensic Club at Wootton High School, Rockville, MD.

Mentorship

Doctor of Philosophy Candidates

  • Nunn, J. Development of spectroscopic identification and analysis of haemoglobin components in bruises. Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia. Role: External reviewer (invited). Defended, 2019
  • Bahari, G. Family social support, self-efficacy, and self-care behaviors among Saudi adult males with hypertension in Saudi Arabia. George Mason University, Fairfax, VA. Role: Chair of dissertation committee. Defended, 2019.
  • Sharma, S. Factors associated with workplace bullying at the individual and school levels among school nurses. George Mason University, Fairfax, VA.
  • Role: Chair of dissertation committee. Defended, 2019.
  • Kurban, G. A grounded theory study of the process by which nurses promote sleep among ICU patients in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. George Mason University, Fairfax, VA. Role: Member dissertation committee. Defended, 2019
  • Asamoah, S. The process by which African-born nurses deliver palliative and end-of-life care in intensive care setting under the American health care system. George Mason University, Fairfax, VA. Role: Member of dissertation committee. Defended, 2019.                                                                 
  • Sibandze, B. The process by which nurses in Swaziland develop a values-based practice: A mixed-methods study. George Mason University, Fairfax, VA. Role: Member of dissertation committee. Defended, 2018.

Doctor of Nursing Practice Candidates

  • Ayoade, D. Integrating a music intervention protocol for persons with dementia at a long-term care facility. George Mason University, Fairfax, VA. Role: Member of project committee. Graduated, 2018.
  • Senko, S. Increasing discussions about advance directives with well adults in the primary care setting: A toolkit for providers. George Mason University, Fairfax, VA. Role: Member of project committee. Graduated, 2018.
  • Thilakawardana, U. A framework to educate healthcare providers on human trafficking. George Mason University, Fairfax, VA. Role: Member of project committee. Graduated, 2018.

Degrees

PhD, Nursing, Johns Hopkins University (2012)

MSN, Forensic Clinical Nurse Specialist, Johns Hopkins University (2005)

BSN, Nursing, Georgetown University (2000)

Research

Research Interests

  • Addressing disparities in identification and documentation of injuries among victims of violence, particularly those of color, using new, innovative technologies
  • Research related to campus sexual assault, intimate partner violence, and vulnerable adult maltreatment
  • Current active projects include the development of a new scale to measure bruise visibility, the use of alternate light to identify bruises or products that mimick bruises, and the epidemiology of drug facilitated sexual assault in the District of Columbia.

Grants
(Current Funding)

Scafide, K. (PI), Ekroos, R., Mallinson, R., & Hayat, M. Improving the forensic documentation of injuries through alternate light: A researcher-practitioner partnership (2019-NE-BX-0008)National Institute of Justice (DOJ), Research and Evaluation on Violence Against Women. Total: $398,719; January 2020- December 2021.

Scafide, K. (PI), Sheridan, D. (Co-PI), Downing, N., & Hayat, M. Analysis of alternate light in the detection and visibility of cutaneous bruises (2016-DN-BX-0147). National Institute of Justice (DOJ), Research and Development in Forensic Science for Criminal Justice Purposes. Total: $449,437; January 2017 – June 2020.

(Completed Funding)

Scafide, K. (PI), Wojtusiak, J., & Lattanzi, D. Digital image analysis of bruise photographs: From infrastructure to machine learning. George Mason University, Summer Impact Grant. Total: $34,560; May 2019 – August 2019.

Fellowship

Campbell, J. (PI). Interdisciplinary Research Training on Violence (T32MH20014). National Institute of Mental Health. Role: Pre-doctoral fellow; September 2008 – August 2009  

Publications

(*data-based, †students)

*Scafide, K. N., Bahari, G., Kutahyalioglu, N., Mohammadifirouzeh, M., & Senko, S. (under review). Development and Pilot Analysis of the Bruise Visibility Scale. Sage Open Nursing.                

*Bahari, G., Scafide, K. N., Weinstein, A., Krall, J., & Han, H. (in press). The evaluation of the Hypertension Self-Care Profile (HBP-SCP) scales for use in adult males in Saudi Arabia. Journal of Nursing Measurement.

*Scafide, K. N., Sheridan, D. J., Downing, N., & Hayat, M. J. (2020). Detection of inflicted bruises by alternate light: Results of a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Forensic Science. [Epub ahead of print]

Scafide, K. N., Narayan, M. C., & Arundel, L. (2020). Technologies for enhancing the detection of early stage and deep tissue pressure injuries: A systematic review. Journal of Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nursing. [Epub ahead of print].

*Scafide, K. N., Sharma, S., Tripp, N. E., & Hayat, M. J. (2019). Superficial bruise detection and visibility under alternate light during the first three days post-trauma. Journal of Forensic Legal Medicine, 69. [Epub ahead of print].

*Sharma, S., Scafide, K. N., Dalal, R., & Maughan, E. (2019). Individual and organizational characteristics associated with workplace bullying of school nurses in Virginia. Journal of School Nursing. [Epub ahead of print].

*Bahari, G., Scafide, K. N., Krall, J., Mallinson, R. K., & Weinstein, A. (2019). Mediating role of self-efficacy in the relationship between family social support and hypertension self-care behaviours: A cross-sectional study of Saudi men with hypertension. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 25(6). [Epub ahead of print].  

Sibandze, B. T., & Scafide, K. N. (2017). Among nurses, how does education level impact professional values? A systematic review. International Nursing Review. Advance online publication.

Narayan, M. C., & Scafide, K. N. (2017). Systematic review of racial/ethnic outcome disparities in home health care. Journal of Transcultural Nursing. Advance online publication.

*Scafide, K. N., Sheridan, D. J., Taylor, L., Hayat, M. J. (2016). Reliability of tristimulus colourimetry in the assessment of cutaneous bruise colour. Injury, 47(6), 1258–1263.

*Politt, E. N., Anderson, J. C., Scafide, K. N., Holbrook, D., D’Sylva, G., & Sheridan, D. J. (2016). Alternate light source findings of common topical products. Journal of Forensic Nursing, 12(3), 97-103.

*Scafide, K. N., Sheridan, D. J., Campbell, J. C., DeLeon, V. B., & Hayat, M.J. (2013). Evaluating change in bruise colorimetry and the effect of subject characteristics over time. Forensic Science, Medicine, & Pathology, 9, 367-376.

Nash, K. R., & Sheridan, D.J. (2009). Can one accurately date a bruise? State of the science. Journal of Forensic Nursing, 5, 31-37.

Sheridan, D. J., & Nash, K. R. (2007). Acute injury patterns of intimate partner violence victims. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 8, 281-289.

Published Conference Abstract

Dynin, M., DeVore, H., Lane, D., & Scafide, K. (2016). Epidemiological analysis of drug-facilitated sexual assault in Washington, DC. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 68(4), S119-S120.

Book Chapters

Sheridan, D. J., Scafide, K. N., Hawkins, S. L., Makely, J. L., & Campbell, J. C. (2013). Forensic implications of intimate partner violence. In R. Hammer, B. Moynihan, & E. M. Pagliaro (Eds.), Forensic nursing: A handbook for practice (2nd ed). Boston, MA: Jones and Bartlett.

Sheridan, D. J., Scafide, K. N., Kapur, J., & Giardino, A. (2011). Intimate partner violence: Assessment, forensic documentation, and safety planning. In L. Ledray, A. Burgess, & A. Giardino (Eds.), Medical response to adult sexual assault: A resource for clinicians and related professionals. St. Louis, MO: STM Learning.

Sheridan, D. J., Nash, K. R., & Bresee, H. (2009). Forensic nursing in the emergency department. In Emergency Nurses Association & L. Newberry (Eds.), Sheehy’s emergency nursing: Principles and practice (6th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier.

Sheridan, D. J., Nash, K. R., Poulos, C. A., Watt, S., & Fauerbach, L. (2009). Cutaneous injuries. In C. Mitchell & D. Anglin (Eds.), Intimate partner violence: A health based perspective. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Williams, J. R., Baty, M. L., Gonzalez, R. M., Nash, K. R., & Campbell, J. C. (2009). Trauma and violence. In J. C. Urbancic & C. J. Groh (Eds.), Women’s mental health: A clinical guide for primary care providers. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams, & Wilkins.                    

Conference Presentations

Scafide, K. & Sheridan, D. (2020, April). Detection and visibility of bruises using alternate light: From science to practice. Podium session presented at annual International Conference on Sexual Assault, Domestic Violence, and Violence Across the Lifespan by End Violence Against Women International, Washington, DC. (conference cancelled)

Sebeh, Y., Scafide, K., & Hayat, M. (2020, March). Lessons learned in developing an interdisciplinary collaboration between biostatistics and forensic nursing. Poster session presented at Spring Meeting of Eastern North American Region International Biometric Society, Nashville, TN. (session cancelled)

Scafide, K., Sheridan, D., Downing, N., & Hayat, M. (2020, March). Detection of cutaneous bruises using alternate light: A multi-site, randomized controlled trial. Podium session presented at 34th Annual Conference of Southern Nursing Research Society, New Orleans, LA. (conference postponed)

Scafide, K., Sheridan, D., Downing, N., & Hayat, M. (2020, February). Alternate light wavelength and filter detection of inflicted cutaneous bruise. Podium session presented at 72nd Annual Scientific Meeting of American Academy of Forensic Sciences, Anaheim, CA.

Sheridan, D., Scafide, K., & Downing, N. (2020, February). Clinical implications of using alternate light to assess bruises. Podium session presented at 72nd Annual Scientific Meeting of American Academy of Forensic Sciences, Anaheim, CA.

Scafide, K., Sheridan, D., Downing, N., & Hayat, M. (2019, September). Detection and visibility of cutaneous bruises using alternate light: A multisite randomized controlled trial. Podium session co-presented at annual International Conference on Forensic Nursing Science and Practice by International Association of Forensic Nurses, New Orleans, LA.

Scafide, K. & Sheridan, D. (2019, February). Analysis of alternative light in the detection of cutaneous bruises: A multisite randomized controlled trial. Podium session co-presented at the National Institute of Justice Forensic Science Research and Development Symposium held at 71st Annual Scientific Meeting of American Academy of Forensic Sciences, Baltimore, MD.

Scafide, K., Shashi, S., & Hayat, M. (2017, February). Bruise visibility using alternate light technology during the first 72 hours post-trauma. Poster session presented at 31st Annual Conference of Southern Nursing Research Society, Dallas, TX.

Dynin, M., DeVore, H., Lane, D., & Scafide, K. (2016, October). Epidemiological Analysis of Drug-Facilitated Sexual Assault in Washington. Abstract presented at American College of Emergency Physicians Research Forum, Las Vegas, NV. Published: Annals of Emergency Medicine, 68(4) S119-S120.

Narayan, M. & Scafide, K. (2016). Systematic review of racial/ethnic outcome disparities in home health care. Poster session presented at 42nd Annual Conference of Transcultural Nursing Society, Cincinnati, OH.

Proffitt, T. B., Salyer, J., Menzies, V., & Scafide, K. (2016, February). Anticipatory advocacy: A conceptual model. Poster session presented at 30th Annual Conference of Southern Nursing Research Society, Williamsburg, VA.

Sheridan, D. J. & Scafide, K. (2015, March). Using alternate light sources (ALS) to assess strangulation and other bruises in victims. Workshop session co-presented at 7th Biennial National Conference on Health and Domestic Violence by Futures Without Violence, Washington, DC.

Scafide, K., Holbrook, D., & Sheridan, D. (2014, December). Alternate light source and colorimetry: Addressing the disparity in forensic clinical assessment. Podium and poster sessions presented at National Institute on Minority Health & Disparities Grantees’ Conference, National Harbor, MD.

Scafide, K. & Crego, N. (2014, June). Teaching nursing prioritization and delegation using multi-patient simulation. Podium session co-presented at the Colloquium for Georgetown University Medical Center (GUMC) Educators in the Health Professions by the Center for Innovation and Leadership in Education (CENTILE), Washington, DC.

Scafide, K. & Thomson, W. (2014, June). Room of errors: Can You spot the risk to patient safety?” Poster session co-presented at Colloquium for GUMC Educators in the Health Professions by CENTILE, Washington, DC.

Scafide, K. & Sheridan, D. (2012, October). Understanding the effect skin color has on recognizing and documenting bruises and their color. Podium session presented at 20th Annual Scientific Assembly of International Association of Forensic Nurses, Fajardo, PR.

Scafide, K. (2010, October). Colorimetry: Improving the forensic assessment of bruises. Podium session presented at 18th Annual Scientific Assembly of International Association of Forensic Nurses, Pittsburgh, PA.

Nash, K. (2009, February). Determining the age of bruises: What does the research tell us? Podium session presented at 23rd Annual Conference of Southern Nursing Research Society, Baltimore, MD.

Nash, K. (2007). Estimating the age of bruises in victims of violence: Is there evidence to support this practice? Podium session presented at 39th Biennial Convention of Sigma Theta Tau International, Baltimore, MD.

Nash, K. (2007). Estimating the age of bruises in victims of violence: State of the science. Podium session presented at 15th Annual Scientific Assembly of International Association of Forensic Nurses, Salt Lake City, UT.

Invited Presentations

Scafide, K. (2018, October). A researcher’s journey: From practice problem to innovative research solution. Keynote session presented at Nursing Research & Evidence-based Practice Symposium at Inova Health Systems, Fairfax, VA.

Scafide, K. (2018). Advancing practice through bruise science. Keynote session presented at Interdisciplinary Research & Evidence-based Practice Conference of Valley Health Winchester Medical Center, Winchester, VA.

Scafide, K. (2017). Path to excellence. Distinguished speaker of Induction Ceremony of Sigma Theta Tau International Epison Zeta Chapter, Fairfax, VA.

Sheridan, D. & Scafide, K. (2013). Understanding the effect skin color has on recognizing and documenting bruises and their color. Pre-conference workshop co-presented at annual International Conference on Sexual Assault, Domestic Violence and Stalking by End Violence Against Women International, Baltimore, MD.

Scafide, K. (2010). Elder abuse: Recognizing those hidden signs. Podium session presented at 22nd Semi-annual Geriatric Symposium by Eastern Shore Area Health Education Center, Salisbury, MD.

Scafide, K. (2010, March). Forensic investigation and documentation of possible abuse, neglect, and falls. Podium session presented at 25th Annual Conference of Ohio Coalition for Adult Protective Services, Columbus, OH.

Honors & Awards

Evelyn Cohalen Leadership Award (Nominated), 2017, 2020, School of Nursing, George Mason University

Master Teacher Award (Nominated), 2019, College of Health and Human Services, George Mason University

Teaching Excellence Award (Nominated), 2016, Center for Teaching and Learning, George Mason University

Dolores Caylor Award, 2011, 2010, School of Nursing, Johns Hopkins University

Professional Affiliations

Associate Member

Inducted, 2020 – present

American Academy of Forensic Science
Lifetime Member

2020-present

Academy of Forensic Nursing
Life Member

Maryland-District of Columbia (MD-DC) Chapter
Board Member. Positions held: Immediate Past-president, President, President-elect, Secretary, and Treasurer): 2005-2008.
 

International Association of Forensic Nursing
Expertise